⒈ Stephen King Shawshank Redemption

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Stephen King Shawshank Redemption

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Tim Robbins Quizzes Stephen About \

Obviously, Freeman is neither of those things. A young and unknown Brad Pitt was cast in the role of Tommy. Gil Bellows, who was making his film debut, took the role instead. You can thank cinematographer Roger Deakins for that. Considered one of the all-time best at his chosen profession, he has been nominated for 15 Oscars, winning twice. Deakins is a longtime collaborator of the Coen Brothers, which is how Tim Robbins met them. When he took on the role of Andy, Robbins recommended Deakins to Darabont. Basically, every King story takes place in Maine, and this one is no different. However, they did not actually go to Maine for shooting the film. The bulk of the movie was shot in Mansfield, Ohio, using the Ohio State Reformatory in the city for the prison in the film.

Those scenes were shot in St. King is one of the most popular and prolific authors ever. That was not the case at first, though. That re-release? It came after the Academy Award nominations came out. The Academy dug the film more than initial audiences did. Alas, it did not win a single one of those awards. In , Castle Rock was bought by Ted Turner. The cost was minimal for Turner to air it, so it was an easy way to fill hours. Oh, and how they filled hours. In the film, Andy leaves a note under an oak tree for Red that directs Red to their reunion in Mexico. Then, in , the tree was struck by lightning. While the tree stayed up, it was damaged, and in strong winds finished the job of taking down the Shawshank Tree.

Clearly, Darabont is a fan of King. He has directed two more films based on King stories. You can see the family resemblance. As with any movie, there are casting plans that never come to fruition. One of those for this film involved Tom Cruise. Cruise went so far as to attend table reads for the role of Andy, the lead of the movie. However, Cruise was reticent to work with a director as inexperienced as Darabont. That left the opening for Robbins to step in.

In addition to being a more succinct title, Darabont was concerned people would think the movie was a Hayworth biopic with the original title. There was something to that. Darabont heard from agents representing actresses who wanted to play Hayworth, and some people even showed up to the studio looking to audition for the non-existent role. King never bothered to cash it. The possibility of escaping to Zihuatanejo is only raised after Andy admits that he feels responsible for his wife's death. Freeman has described Red's story as one of salvation as he is not innocent of his crimes, unlike Andy who finds redemption. Just as Andy can be interpreted as a Christ-like figure, he can be seen as a Zarathustra -like prophet offering escape through education and the experience of freedom.

Andy's integrity is an important theme in the story line, especially in prison, where integrity is lacking. Robbins himself believes that the concept of Zihuatanejo resonates with audiences because it represents a form of escape that can be achieved after surviving for many years within whatever "jail" someone finds themselves in, whether a bad relationship, job, or environment. Robbins said that it is important that such a place exists for us. Morehouse suggests that the film provides a great illustration of how characters can be free, even in prison, or imprisoned, even in freedom, based on their outlooks on life. Andy displays resilience through rebellion, by playing music over the prison loudspeaker, and refusing to continue with the money-laundering scam.

Many elements can be considered as tributes to the power of cinema. In the prison theater, the inmates watch the film Gilda , but this scene was originally intended to feature The Lost Weekend The interchangeability of the films used in the prison theater suggests that it is the cinematic experience and not the subject that is key to the scene, allowing the men to escape the reality of their situation. Andy and Red's relationship has been described as a nonsexual story between two men, [34] that few other films offer, where the friendship is not built on conducting a caper, car chases, or developing a relationship with women.

Love, Steve. Five years later, Darabont wrote the script over an eight-week period. He expanded on elements of King's story. Brooks, who in the novella is a minor character who dies in a retirement home, became a tragic character who eventually hanged himself. Tommy, who in the novella trades his evidence exonerating Andy for transfer to a nicer prison, in the screenplay is murdered on the orders of Warden Norton, who is a composite of several warden characters in King's story. Smith Goes to Washington and It's a Wonderful Life , describing them as tall tales ; Darabont likened The Shawshank Redemption to a tall tale more than a prison movie.

Darabont recalled that Frankenheimer took time out from his scouting to provide Darabont with encouragement and advice. At the time, prison-based films were not considered likely box-office successes, but Darabont's script was read by then- Castle Rock Entertainment producer Liz Glotzer, whose interest in prison stories, and reaction to the script, led her to threaten to quit if Castle Rock did not produce The Shawshank Redemption. Castle Rock offered to finance any other film Darabont wanted to develop. Darabont seriously considered the offer, citing growing up poor in Los Angeles, believing it would elevate his standing in the industry, and that Castle Rock could have contractually fired him and given the film to Reiner, anyway, but he chose to remain the director, saying in a Variety interview, "you can continue to defer your dreams in exchange for money and, you know, die without ever having done the thing you set out to do".

Freeman was cast at the suggestion of producer Liz Glotzer, who ignored the novella's character description of a white Irishman, nicknamed "Red". Freeman's character alludes to the choice when queried by Andy on why he is called Red, replying "Maybe it's because I'm Irish. Once you're in that situation, you just toe whatever line you have to toe. Darabont looked initially at some of his favorite actors, such as Gene Hackman and Robert Duvall , for the role of Andy Dufresne, but they were unavailable; [40] Clint Eastwood and Paul Newman were also considered.

To convince the studio that Gunton was right for the part, Darabont and producer Niki Marvin arranged for him to record a screen test on a day off from Demolition Man. They had a wig made for him as his head was shaved for his Demolition Man role. Gunton wanted to portray Norton with hair as this could then be grayed to convey his on-screen aging as the film progressed. Gunton performed his screen test with Robbins, which was filmed by Deakins.

After being confirmed for the role, he used the wig in the film's early scenes until his hair regrew. Gunton said that Marvin and Darabont saw that he understood the character, which went in his favor, as did the fact his height was similar to Robbins', allowing Andy to believably use the warden's suit. Portraying the head guard Byron Hadley, Clancy Brown was given the opportunity to speak with former guards by the production's liaison officer, but declined, believing it would not be a good thing to say that his brutal character was in any way inspired by Ohio state correctional officers. I remember having a bad moment with the director, had a few of those. For example, the scene where Andy first approaches Red to procure a rock hammer took nine hours to film, and featured Freeman throwing and catching a baseball with another inmate throughout it.

The number of takes that were shot resulted in Freeman turning up to filming the following day with his arm in a sling. Freeman sometimes simply refused to do the additional takes. Robbins said that the long days were difficult. Darabont felt that making the film taught him a lot, "A director really needs to have an internal barometer to measure what any given actor needs. Darabont favored more scenic shots, while Deakins felt that not showing the outside of the prison added a sense of claustrophobia, and it meant that when a wide scenic shot was used, it had more impact. Marvin spent five months scouting prisons across the United States and Canada, looking for a site that had a timeless aesthetic, and was completely abandoned, hoping to avoid the complexity of filming the required footage, for hours each day, in an active prison with the security difficulties that would entail.

The acre reformatory, housing its own power plant and farm, was partially torn down shortly after filming was completed, leaving the main administration building and two cellblocks. The interior of the boarding room used by Brooks and Red was in the administration building; exterior shots of the boarding house were taken elsewhere. Internal scenes in the prison cellblocks were filmed on a sound stage built inside a nearby shuttered Westinghouse Electric factory. Since Darabont wanted the inmates' cells to face each other, almost all the cellblock scenes were shot on a purpose-built set housed in the Westinghouse factory, [53] except for the scene featuring Elmo Blatch's admission of guilt for the crimes for which Andy was convicted. It was filmed in one of the actual prison's more confined cells.

Just as a prison in Ohio stood in for a fictional one in Maine, the beach scene showing Andy and Red's reunion in Zihuatanejo, Mexico, was actually shot in the Caribbean on the island of Saint Croix , one of the U. Virgin Islands. For the scene depicting Andy's escape from the prison, Darabont envisioned Andy using his miniature rock hammer to break into the sewage pipe, but he determined that this was not realistic. He opted instead to use a large piece of rock. The stream into which Robbins emerges was actually certified toxic by a chemist according to production designer Terence Marsh.

The production team dammed the stream to make it deeper and used chlorination to partially decontaminate it. So you will do things as an actor that are compromising to your physical health and safety. He said that the time and precision taken by Deakins, and their limited filming schedule, meant he had to be precise in what he could film and how. In a interview, he stated that he regretted that this meant he could not film a close up of Robbins' face as he climbed down out of the hole from his cell. As for the scene where Andy rebelliously plays music over the prison announcement system, it was Robbins' idea for Andy to turn the music up and not shut it off. As the footage was too costly to procure from Paramount Pictures , producer Niki Marvin approached The Shawshank Redemption ' s domestic distribution rights-holder Columbia Pictures , which offered a list of lower-priced titles, one of which was Gilda.

This aided the actors' performances as their real-life relationships evolved alongside those of their respective characters. He praised Robbins and Freeman for completing the scene in only a few takes. The final cut of the theatrically released film runs for minutes, [1] and was dedicated to Allen Greene, Darabont's former agent, who died during filming from AIDS. In Darabont's original vision for the end of the film, Red is seen riding a bus towards the Mexican border, leaving his fate ambiguous. Glotzer insisted on including the scene of Red and Andy reuniting in Zihuatanejo. She said Darabont felt this was a "commercial, sappy" ending, but Glotzer wanted the audience to see them together.

Darabont agreed to include the scene after seeing the test audience reactions, saying: "I think it's a magical and uplifting place for our characters to arrive at the end of their long saga The film's score was composed by Thomas Newman. He felt that it already elicited such strong emotions without music that he found it difficult to compose one that would elevate scenes without distracting from them. The piece, "Shawshank Redemption", plays during Andy's escape from Shawshank and originally had a three-note motif, but Darabont felt it had too much of a "triumphal flourish" and asked that it be toned down to a single-note motif.

The piece was initially written for a solo oboe, until Newman reluctantly agreed to add harmonica—a reference to the harmonica Red receives from Andy to continue his message of hope. According to Darabont, harmonica player Tommy Morgan "casually delivered something dead-on perfect on the first take", and this is heard in the finished film. Leading up to its release, the film was test screened with the public.

These were described as "through the roof", and Glotzer said they were some of the best she had seen. Following a Hollywood tradition of visiting different theaters on opening night to see the audiences view their film live, Darabont and Glotzer went to the Cinerama Dome , but found no one there. Glotzer claimed that the pair actually sold two tickets outside the theater with the promise that if the buyers did not like the film, they could ask Castle Rock for a refund.

A general audience trend towards action films starring the likes of Bruce Willis and Arnold Schwarzenegger was also considered to work against the commercial success of The Shawshank Redemption. Despite its disappointing box-office returns, in what was then considered a risky move, Warner Home Video shipped , rental video copies throughout the United States in It went on to become one of the top rented films of the year.

Ted Turner 's Turner Broadcasting System had acquired Castle Rock in , which enabled his television channel, TNT , to obtain the cable-broadcast rights to the film. The film began airing regularly on the network in June Pictures , following the merger of its parent company Time Warner with the Turner Broadcasting System. By , The Shawshank Redemption had aired on 15 basic cable networks, and in that year occupied hours of airtime, rivaling Scarface , and behind only Mrs.

Doubtfire Despite its mainly male cast, it was the most-watched movie on the female-targeted OWN network. Jeff Baker, then-executive vice president and general manager of Warner Bros. The Shawshank Redemption opened to generally positive reviews. Entertainment Weekly ' s Owen Gleiberman said that Freeman makes the Red character feel genuine and "lived-in". She considered Freeman's commanding performance made him a much stronger figure than simply an observer. Maslin said that Freeman's performance was especially moving when describing how dependent Red had become on living within the prison walls.

Of Robbins' performance, Gleiberman said that in his "laconic-good-guy, neo- Gary Cooper role, [Robbins] is unable to make Andy connect with the audience". Maslin called the film an impressive directorial debut that tells a gentle tale with a surprising amount of loving care, [92] while Klady said the only failings came when Darabont focused for too long on supporting characters, or embellished a secondary story.

Deakins' cinematography was routinely praised, [84] with The Hollywood Reporter calling it "foreboding" and "well-crafted", [85] and Travers saying "the everyday agonies of prison life are meticulously laid out The oak tree , under which Andy leaves a note for Red directing him to Zihuatanejo, became a symbol of hope for its role in the film, and is considered iconic. The prison site, which was planned to be fully torn down after filming, [55] [] became a tourist attraction. In late August , a series of events was held in Mansfield to celebrate the film's 20th anniversary including a screening of the film at the Renaissance Theatre, a bus tour of certain filming locations, and a cocktail party at the reformatory.

The consensus reads, " The Shawshank Redemption is an uplifting, deeply satisfying prison drama with sensitive direction and fine performances. In , it was nominated for AFI's Years In , the Writers Guild of America listed Darabont's screenplay at number 22 on its list of the greatest screenplays, [] and in , Film4 listed it number 13 on its list of 50 Films to See Before You Die.

Darabont responded: "I can think of no greater honor than for The Shawshank Redemption to be considered part of our country's cinematic legacy. The significant and enduring public appreciation for the film has often been difficult for critics to define. I never expected anything to happen with it. It has been the number-one film on IMDb 's user-generated Top since , when it surpassed The Godfather , having remained at or near the top since the late s. When the British Film Institute analyzed the demographic breakdown of the YouGov poll, it noted that The Shawshank Redemption was not the top-ranked film in any group, but was the only film to appear in the top 15 of every age group, suggesting it is able to connect with every polled age group, unlike Pulp Fiction which fared better with younger voters, and Gone with the Wind with older voters.

A poll conducted by Gatwick Airport also identified the film as the fourth-best to watch while in flight. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the film. For other uses, see The Shawshank Redemption disambiguation. Castle Rock Entertainment. Release date. Running time. Tim Robbins in left and Morgan Freeman in Main article: The Shawshank Redemption soundtrack. British Board of Film Classification. Archived from the original on January 21, Retrieved August 15, Entertainment Weekly. September 30, Archived from the original on September 20, Retrieved September 20, The Wall Street Journal.

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