➊ William Tecumseh Sherman Biography

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William Tecumseh Sherman Biography



Tecumseh returned to Amherstburg in William Tecumseh Sherman Biography Commanding the 15th Army Corps during the Vicksburg campaign. Sherman was William Tecumseh Sherman Biography popular student, William Tecumseh Sherman Biography not considered among the finest of soldiers. However, William Tecumseh Sherman Biography press was relentless in its criticism of both men. Colonel Canby decided to reorganize his forces in the area William Tecumseh Sherman Biography consolidate at Fort Craig, a William Tecumseh Sherman Biography supply depot William Tecumseh Sherman Biography fortified position in the Thesis On Down Syndrome.

Blood and Glory: The Civil War in Color: Sherman's March to Savannah - History

As an adult, he would become such a well-known advocate of this policy that some mistakenly thought it had originated with him. Tecumseh, now about eighteen years old, became a warrior under the tutelage of his older brother Cheeseekau , who emerged as a noted war chief. He was disturbed by the sight of prisoners being cruelly treated by the Shawnees, an early indication of his lifelong aversion to torture and cruelty for which he would later be celebrated. They hoped to be free of American settlers, only to find colonists moving there as well, so they did not stay long. In late or early , Tecumseh traveled south with Cheeseekau to live with the Chickamauga Cherokees near Lookout Mountain in what is now Tennessee.

Some Shawnees already lived among the Chickamaugas, who were fierce opponents of U. Cheeseekau led about forty Shawnees in raids against colonists; Tecumseh was presumably among them. The Native confederacy that had been formed to fight the war was led by the Shawnee Blue Jacket , and would provide a model for the confederacy Tecumseh created years later. Tecumseh missed fighting in a major Indian victory St. Clair's defeat on November 4 because he was hunting or scouting at the time. Tecumseh returned to the Ohio Country at the end of and fought in several more skirmishes. By , Tecumseh was both the civil and war chief of a Kispoko band of about 50 warriors and people.

Tecumseh took a wife, Mamate, and had a son, Paukeesaa, born about Their marriage did not last, and Tecumapease raised Paukeesaa from the age of seven or eight. His third marriage, to White Wing, lasted until While Tecumseh lived along the White River, Indians in the region were troubled by sickness, alcoholism, poverty, the loss of land, depopulation, and the decline of their traditional way of life. American settlers grew uneasy as Indians flocked to Greenville. To escape the rising tensions, Tecumseh and the Prophet decided to move west to a more secure location, farther from American forts and closer to potential western Indian allies.

In , Tecumseh and the Prophet established a village Americans would call Prophetstown , north of present-day Lafayette, Indiana. The Prophet adopted a new name, Tenskwatawa "The Open Door" , meaning he was the door through which followers could reach salvation. At Prophetstown, Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa initially worked to maintain a peaceful coexistence with the United States. Although many Indian leaders signed the treaty, others who used the land were deliberately excluded from the negotiations.

Before the Treaty of Fort Wayne, Tecumseh was relatively unknown to outsiders, who usually referred to him as "the Prophet's brother. He said the chiefs who had signed the treaty would be punished, and that he was uniting the tribes to prevent further cessions. Harrison said he would send Tecumseh's demands to President James Madison , but did not expect the president to accept them. As the meeting concluded, Tecumseh said that if Madison did not rescind the Fort Wayne treaty, "you and I will have to fight it out.

After the confrontation with Harrison, Tecumseh traveled widely to build his confederacy. In July , Tecumseh again met Harrison at Vincennes. He told the governor he had amassed a confederacy of northern tribes and was heading south to do the same. For the next six months, Tecumseh traveled some 3, miles 4, km in the south and west to recruit allies. The documentary evidence of this journey is fragmentary, and was exaggerated in folklore, but he probably met with Chickasaws , Choctaws , Creeks, Osages , western Shawnees and Delawares, Iowas, Sauks, Foxes, Sioux , Kickapoos, and Potawatomis.

A faction among the Creeks, who became known as the Red Sticks , responded to Tecumseh's call to arms, contributing to the coming of the Creek War. According to Sugden , Tecumseh had made a "serious mistake" by informing Harrison he would be absent from Prophetstown for an extended time. Harrison's men held their ground, after which the Prophet's warriors withdrew and evacuated Prophetstown. The Americans burned the village the following day and returned to Vincennes. Historians have traditionally viewed the Battle of Tippecanoe as a devastating blow to Tecumseh's confederacy.

According to a story recorded by Benjamin Drake ten years after the battle, Tecumseh was furious with Tenskwatawa after the battle and threatened to kill him. Modern scholarship has cast doubt on this interpretation. Dowd , Cave , and Jortner argued that stories of Tenskwatawa's disgrace originated with Harrison's allies and are not supported by other sources. Harrison hoped his preemptive strike would subdue Tecumseh's confederacy, but a wave of frontier violence erupted after the battle. Indians, many who had fought at Tippecanoe, sought revenge, killing as many as 46 Americans. Tecumseh's Indian allies throughout the Northwest Territory numbered around 3, warriors. The British had few troops and scant resources in the west, so Native allies were essential to the defense of Upper Canada.

On July 25, Tecumseh's warriors skirmished with Americans north of Amherstburg, inflicting the first American fatalities of the war. Tecumseh turned his attention to cutting off Hull's supply and communication lines on the U. On August 5, he led 25 warriors in two successive ambushes , scattering a far superior force. Tecumseh captured Hull's outgoing mail, which revealed that the general was fearful of being cut off.

On August 9, Tecumseh joined with British soldiers at the Battle of Maguaga , successfully thwarting Hull's attempt to reopen his line of communications. Two days later, Hull pulled the last of his men from Amherstburg, ending his attempt to invade Canada. Tecumseh, upon hearing of Brock's plans, reportedly turned to his companions and said, "This is a man! Tecumseh led about warriors in the Siege of Detroit.

He who attracted most of my attention was a Shawnee chief, Tecumset [ sic ], brother to the Prophet, who for the last two years has carried on, contrary to our remonstrances, an active warfare against the United States. A more sagacious or a more gallant warrior does not I believe exist. He was the admiration of every one who conversed with him. Brock likely assured Tecumseh that the British would support Indian land claims. He wrote his superiors that restoration of land "fraudulently usurped" from the Indians should be considered in any peace treaty. Meanwhile, the British had negotiated a temporary armistice and called off further offensives.

In September , he and Roundhead led warriors to assist in an attack on Fort Wayne , but the siege failed before they arrived. Tecumseh stayed in the Prophetstown region for the remainder of , coordinating Indian war efforts. I have with me eight hundred braves. You have an equal number in your hiding place. Come out with them and give me battle; you talked like a brave when we met at Vincennes, and I respected you; but now you hide behind logs and in the earth like a ground hog. Give me your answer. Tecumseh returned to Amherstburg in April Meanwhile, the Americans, having suffered defeat at the Battle of Frenchtown in January , were pushing back toward Detroit under the command of William Henry Harrison.

The Indians initially saw little action while British forces under General Henry Procter laid siege to the fort. Fighting outside the fort began on May 5 after the arrival of American reinforcements, who attacked the British gun batteries. Tecumseh led an attack on an American sortie from the fort, then crossed the river to help defeat a regiment of Kentucky militia. Procter's Canadian militia and many of Tecumseh's warriors left after the battle, so Procter was compelled to lift the siege.

One of the most famous incidents in Tecumseh's life occurred after the battle. When a group of Indians began killing prisoners, Tecumseh rushed in and stopped the slaughter. According to Sugden , "Tecumseh's defense of the American prisoners became a cornerstone of his legend, the ultimate proof of his inherent nobility. Tecumseh and Procter returned to Fort Meigs in July , Tecumseh with 2, warriors, the largest contingent he would ever lead. He staged a mock battle within earshot of the fort, hoping the Americans would ride out to assist. The ruse failed and the second siege of Fort Meigs was lifted. Procter's attack failed and the expedition returned to Amherstburg. Tecumseh hoped further offensives were forthcoming, but after the American naval victory in the Battle of Lake Erie on September 10, , Procter decided to retreat from Amherstburg.

We are determined to defend our lands, and if it is his will, we wish to leave our bones upon them. The British burned Fort Malden and public buildings in Amherstburg, then began the retreat, with William Henry Harrison's army in pursuit. Tecumseh arrived at Chatham to find that Procter had retreated even further upriver. Procter sent word that he had chosen to make a stand near Moraviantown. Tecumseh was angered by the change in plans, but he led a rearguard action at Chatham to slow the American advance, and was slightly wounded in the arm.

Tecumseh positioned his men in a line of trees along the right, hoping to flank the Americans. Tecumseh was killed in the fierce fighting, and the Indians dispersed. The Americans had won a decisive victory. After the battle, American soldiers stripped and scalped Tecumseh's body. The next day, when Tecumseh's body had been positively identified, others peeled off some skin as souvenirs. The earliest account stated that his body had been taken by Canadians and buried at Sandwich. Anne Island on the St. Clair River. Tecumseh had broken a thighbone in a riding accident as a youth and thereafter walked with a limp, but neither thigh of this skeleton had been broken.

Nevertheless, in the remains were buried on nearby Walpole Island in a ceremony honoring Tecumseh. Initial published accounts identified Richard Mentor Johnson as having killed Tecumseh. In , another account claimed a different soldier had fired the fatal shot. Johnson's supporters promoted him as Tecumseh's killer, employing slogans such as "Rumpsey dumpsey, rumpsey dumpsey, Colonel Johnson killed Tecumseh. Sugden presented the evidence and argued that Johnson's claim was the strongest, though not conclusive. Tecumseh's death led to the collapse of his confederacy; except in the southern Creek War, most of his followers did little more fighting. The Americans refused and the matter was dropped. Tecumseh was widely admired in his lifetime, even by Americans who had fought against him.

White writers tended to turn Tecumseh into a "secular" leader who only used his brother's religious movement for political reasons. Tecumseh is honored in Canada as a hero who played a major role in Canada's defense in the War of , joining Sir Isaac Brock and Laura Secord as the best-remembered people of that war. His epic poem "Tecumseh; or, The Warrior of the West" was intended to "preserve the memory of one of the noblest and most gallant spirits" in history. Tecumseh has long been admired in Germany, especially due to popular novels by Fritz Steuben , beginning with The Flying Arrow In the United States, Tecumseh became a legendary figure, the historical details of his life shrouded in mythology.

According to Edmunds , "the real Tecumseh has been overshadowed by a folk hero whose exploits combine the best of fact and fiction. Written by Allan Eckert, the story features a fictional, doomed romance between Tecumseh and a white settler woman, an example of the " vanishing Indian " scenario popular with white Americans. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Shawnee leader of Native American confederacy. For other uses, see Tecumseh disambiguation. Painting of Tecumseh based on an sketch [note 1]. Likely near present-day Chillicothe, Ohio , U. Moraviantown , Upper Canada.

Cheeseekau brother Tenskwatawa brother. Further information: Family of Tecumseh. Join the world's largest family tree. Male Female. By continuing you accept our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Start My Family Tree! Is your surname Sherman? Research the Sherman family. Start your family tree now. Contact profile manager View family tree Problem with this page? Get Started. William Tecumseh Sherman, Sr. Historical records matching Maj.

The Progressive Farmer - Feb 24 Collection:. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, View the Record. Nkw Youk, Feb. William Tecumseh Sherman. In the minds of all Americans, Sherman poses Pittsburg Dispatch - Feb 20 Collection:. York, Pa. Sherman a few dajs before contracting his fatal illness, and is Australian Newspapers. Received February 15, 6. February William Sherman. An elaborate program was carried out.

The Mitchell Capital - Feb 20 Collection:. That in the death of our comrede Gen. William T. Sherman , the nation has lost one of her noblest Telegram-Herald - Feb 17 Collection:. News and Citizen - Feb 19 Collection:. Sherman Dead. Peninsula Enterprise - Feb 21 Collection:. Tecumseh Sherman , one and t Eleanor Boyle Sherman. Maria Ewing Fitch. Thomas Ewing Sherman. Rachel Ewing Thorndike. Robert Otho Sherman. Eleanor Mary Thackara. Mary A. William Tecumseh Sherman, Jr. Charles Celestine Sherman. Philemon Tecumseh Sherman. Charles Robert Sherman. Mary Sherman. About Maj. He held the position of General of the Army United States Sherman stepped down as commanding general on November 1, He only believed in Total warfare.

Information from Wikipedia follows William Tecumseh Sherman February 8, — February 14, was an American soldier, businessman, educator and author. In , he published his Memoirs, one of the best-known firsthand accounts of the Civil War.

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